Endive (Cichorium endivia) , also known as Cichorium casnia Wall. Cichorium casnia C.B.Clarke Cichorium crispum Mill. nom. illeg. Cichorium esculentum Salisb., is scientifically classified as Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids Order: Asterales Genus: Cichorium Species: C. endivia.

Endive, commonly known as escarole, is a green leafy vegetable with a hint of bitter flavor. Nevertheless, this popular salad plant is much more than just a leafy green; it packed with numerous health benefiting plant nutrients such as vitamin-C, vitamin-A, etc.

Health Benefits

While it's been suggested that half a cup of chopped endive is a sensible serving size, maybe two cups, which weighs just 100 grams (comparable to a cup of sliced apples) may be more realistic. In that two-cup serving is an impressive 43 percent of the daily value for vitamin A, as well as 35 percent for folate and 21 percent for manganese. Endive also provides a whopping 220 percent of the recommended daily value for vitamin K in a two-cup serving, which is important for balanced blood coagulation.

Nutrient Facts

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy   71kj
Dietary fiber   3.1g
Carbohydrates   3.35g
Sugars   N/A
Fat   0.2g
Protein   1.25g
Calcium 5% 52mg
Copper 0%  0mg
Iron 6% 0.83mg
Magnesium 4% 15mg
Manganese 20% 0.42mg
Phosphorus 4% 28mg
Potassium 7% 314mg
Sodium 0%  0mg
Zinc 8%  0.79mg
Vitamin A IU % 0mg
Vitamin A equivalent 14% 108mg
Beta-Carotene 0% 1300mg
B1 - Thiamine 7% 0.08mg
B2 - Riboflavin 6% 0.075mg
B3 - Niacin 3% 0.4mg
B5 - Pantothenic acid 18% 0.9mg
B6 - Vitamin 0% mg
B9 - Folate 36% 142mg
Vitamin C 8% 6.5mg
Vitamin E 3% 0.44mg
Vitamin K 220% 231mg
Choline 0% 0mg
Betaine   0mg
Other constituents    
Water   0
Fluoride   0

Growth Stages


Guardian™ Grow Manager "Recipe" Options

Cycles per Year 9.36
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