Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) , also known as Anethum piperitum, Ligusticum foeniculum, is scientifically classified as Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids Order: Apiales Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Genus: Foeniculum Species: F. vulgare.

Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. Fennel is recognized by its white bulb and long green stalks. It is related to other stalk vegetables such as celery and parsnips. The entire fennel bulb, including seeds, stalk, and leaves are edible.

Health Benefits

Vitamin C, the most active vitamin in fennel (17% of the daily value), has the strength to zap free radicals looking for a place to cause damage in the body, usually in the form of inflammation, which could lead to joint degeneration and arthritis. Other prominent vitamins and minerals in fennel include potassium, an electrolyte that fights high blood pressure, and folate, which helps convert potentially dangerous molecules called homocysteine into a benign form. The dietary fiber in fennel limits cholesterol build-up, absorbs water in the digestive system, and helps eliminate carcinogens from the colon, possibly preventing colon cancer. Several other nutrients play supportive roles, namely manganese, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and copper.

Nutrient Facts

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy   130kj
Dietary fiber   3.1g
Carbohydrates   7.3g
Sugars   1.83g
Fat   0.17g
Protein   1.2g
Calcium 5% 49mg
Copper 0%  0mg
Iron 4% 0.7mg
Magnesium 4% 17mg
Manganese 10% 0.2mg
Phosphorus 5% 50mg
Potassium 12% 414mg
Sodium 2%  52mg
Zinc 1%  0.2mg
Vitamin A IU % 134mg
Vitamin A equivalent 0% 0mg
Beta-Carotene 0% 0mg
B1 - Thiamine 36% 0.41mg
B2 - Riboflavin 29% 0.35mg
B3 - Niacin 41% 6.1mg
B5 - Pantothenic acid 0% 0mg
B6 - Vitamin 36% 0.47mg
B9 - Folate 7% 27mg
Vitamin C 18% 12mg
Vitamin E 0% 0mg
Vitamin K 0% 0mg
Choline 0% 0mg
Betaine   0mg
Other constituents    
Water   90.2
Fluoride   0

Growth Stages


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Cycles per Year 17.38
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